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Karakteristik Habitat Potensial Larva Nyamuk Anopheles dan Hubungannya dengan Kejadian Malaria di Kota Pangkalpinang, Bangka Belitung

Posted by on December 21, 2012

ABSTRACT

[Skripsi]  VIRANTI MANDASARI. Potential habitat Characteristics of Anopheles Mosquitoes larvae and Its Relation to Malaria incidence in Pangkalpinang City. Under directions of UPIK KESUMAWATI HADI.

This study aimed to measure the characteristics of potential habitats that become breeding places for Anopheles mosquitoes in the former tin mining (pit) in Pangkalpinang city. The research was conducted in July 2011 to May 2012 and performed in two activities, collection with determination of the larvae habitats characteristics and identification of Anopheles larvae. Anopheles larvae were collected, processed to slide specimen, then identified by using the identification key of the Anopheles larvae (O’Cornor and Soepanto 1989). The result showed that larvae species found were An. letifer. Generally the characteristics of the larval breeding potential habitats in Pangkalpinang city had area between 100-6000 m2, the temperature was 28-31 °C, and the salinity was 0‰. The age habitats were varied from 1 to 29 years old. The base of habitats were sand, mud, and sand ground. The habitats also had variety of turbidity level from clear, yellow, to brown with a depth of 0.05 to 10 m. In addition, there were aquatic plants such as grasses, algae, ferns, water hyacinth, and taro. Fish, tadpoles, and dragonflies larvae were found in habitats as Anopheles larvae predators.

Key words: Anopheles larvae, Bangka Belitung, characteristics of habitat, Pangkalpinang city.

 

ABSTRAK

[Skripsi] VIRANTI MANDASARI. Karakteristik Habitat Potensial Larva Nyamuk Anopheles dan Hubungannya dengan Kejadian Malaria di Kota Pangkalpinang, Bangka Belitung. Di bawah bimbingan UPIK KESUMAWATI HADI.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur karakteristik habitat potensial yang menjadi tempat perkembangbiakan nyamuk Anopheles di bekas galian timah (kolong) di kota Pangkalpinang. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Juli 2011 sampai dengan Mei 2012 dan dilakukan dalam dua kegiatan, yaitu koleksi larva Anopheles serta penentuan karakteristik habitat dan identifikasi larva. Larva Anopheles yang dikoleksi kemudian dibuat preparat slide untuk dilakukan identifikasi dengan menggunakan kunci identifikasi larva Anopheles (O’Cornor dan Soepanto 1989). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis larva yang ditemukan adalah An. letifer. Secara umum karakteristik habitat potensial perkembangbiakan larva Anopheles di Kota Pangkalpinang memiliki luas 100-6000 m, suhu 28-31 °C, dan salinitas 0‰. Habitat tersebut memiliki umur yang bervariasi dari 1 hingga 29 tahun. Sebagian habitat memiliki dasar habitat berupa pasir dan sebagian lagi ditemukan dasar habitat pasir bercampur lumpur dan tanah. Tingkat kekeruhan habitat juga bervariasi dari jernih, kuning, dan coklat, dengan kedalaman 0,05- 10 m. Selain itu, di sekitar habitat terdapat tanaman air seperti rumput, alga, paku-pakuan, enceng gondok, dan talas. Ikan, berudu, dan larva capung ditemukan di habitat tersebut sebagai predator larva Anopheles.

Kata kunci:  Bangka Belitung, karakteristik habitat, Kota Pangkalpinang, larva Anopheles

Abstract in PDF:    Potential habitat Characteristics of Anopheles Mosquitoes larvae and Its Relation to Malaria incidence in Pangkalpinang City

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