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Scabies in Indonesia

Posted by on May 24, 2011

Scabies is very contagious skin condition or dermatitis characterized by pruritus, alopecia, and epidermal hyperplasia with desquamation. This is a disease common to global community that is found in both developed countries and developing countries. Scabies is caused by mange mites (families Sarcoptidae, Psoroptidae, and Knemidokoptidae). These mites are known as scabies, itch mites, sarcoptic mange, or psoroptic mange. In Indonesian language is known as kudisan, budug, kurap or agogo disease.

Scabies affects all domestic animals such as dogs, cats, horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits, fowls, birds, and also human regardless of age, gender, race, social class, or personal-hygiene habits. However in human, it is usually found where people are crowded together or have frequent contact, and is most common among school children, families, roommates, and sexual partners where it can spread widely.

In Indonesia, scabies is widely distributed. Severe cases were reported in Central Java, West Java, DI Yogyakarta and Sumatera. However, the most frequent cases were found in dogs by S. scabiei var. canis and goats by S. scabiei var. ovis. Generally, domestic animals such as dogs, cats, pigs and rabbits are usually infested by scabies. In cattle and buffalo are rarely infested by this mange. Scabies was initiated by individual case, and then widely infested. There are tendency that the animal with bad nutrition or malnutrition more susceptible to the scabies.

FULL PAPER IN PDF : Scabies in Indonesia

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